We acknowledge that we live and work on unceded Indigenous territories and we thank the Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh Nations for their hospitality.

Single Issue

BC Studies no. 210 Summer 2021

BC Studies no. 210 (Summer 2021) features cover art by Yvonne Wakabayashi, a reflection by Adele Perry, articles by Jennifer Iredale, Frank Leonard, and Roshon Singh Nandhra, and a Soundwork by Jacek Smolicki.

To read the full issue online, visit our OJS site.

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The Front

The Front

Artist's Statement  

By Yvonne Wakabayashi, Nicola Levell

This Space Here

This Space Here

Remains of Children of Kamloops Residential School Discovered  

By Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc (Kamloops Indian Band)


Exhibition, Film, and New Media Reviews

Exhibition, Film, and New Media Review

The Nameless Collective Podcast: Exploring History

Season one of the Nameless Collective, which is produced by Manjot Bains of JugniStyle and hosted by intrepid researchers, historians and archival explorers Naveen Girn, Milan Singh and Paneet Singh, evokes past South Asian Canadian...

By Satwinder Kaur Bains

Exhibition, Film, and New Media Review

The Transect Podcast Review

The world of British Columbian archaeology is, to most, unknown and inaccessible. This is a shame, particularly in a province whose settler population has such a poor grasp of its long human history. Archaeology is...

By Eric Simons

Book Reviews

Book Review

Landscapes of Injustice: A New Perspective on the Internment and Dispossession of Japanese Canadians

In historical memory, the forced confinement and exclusion of 22,000 Japanese Canadians from 1942 to 1949 remains one of the darkest and, unfortunately, least understood chapters in Canadian history. Although the story has been told...

By Jonathan van Harmelen

Book Review

Cataloguing Culture: Legacies of Colonialism in Museum Documentation

As Hannah Turner points out in the introduction to her timely book, Cataloguing Culture: Legacies of Colonialism in Museum Documentation, “Museum records are often taken to be neutral or privileged sources of knowledge, but they...

By Joy Davis

Book Review

Decolonizing Discipline: Children, Corporal Punishment, Christian Theologies, and Reconciliation

Decolonizing Discipline is a direct response to the sixth call of action made by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to repeal Section 43 of Canada’s criminal code, which allows corporal punishment “to correct what is...

By Alex Gagne

Book Review

The Object’s the Thing: The Writings of Yorke Edwards, a Pioneer of Heritage Interpretation in Canada

When we visit a nature park or a museum, do we consider how interpretation contributed to our experience? For Yorke Edwards, “the father of nature interpretation in Canada,” interpreting the object is “the thing.” As...

By Patricia E. Roy

Book Review

Victoria Unbuttoned: A Red-Light History of BC’s Capital City

Linda J. Eversole’s first book, Stella: Unrepentant Madam, written in 2005, was praised for its academic value and readability. The author continues her exploration of women in the sex trade with Victoria Unbuttoned, profiling ten...

By Janet Nicol

Book Review

Paradise Won: The Struggle to Create Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve

Knowing that Paradise Won: The Struggle to Create Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve would end in the establishment of a park offers no relief from the sense of urgency that reading the book elicits. Usually,...

By Madison Heslop

Book Review

Deep and Sheltered Waters: The History of Tod Inlet

In Deep and Sheltered Waters: The History of Tod Inlet, David R. Gray – with a Foreword from his long-time friends and colleagues, Nancy J. Turner and Robert D. Turner – sets out to illuminate...

By Jacquelyn Miller

Book Review

Big Promises, Small Government: Doing Less with Less in the BC Liberal New Era

George Abbott was a cabinet minister for twelve years in the BC Liberal governments of Gordon Campbell and Christy Clark.  In Big Promises, Small Government, he reflects on his tenure in the first Campbell government...

By Stephen Phillips



Jennifer Iredale is a heritage professional, curator, and the former director of the BC Heritage Branch. She has been involved in provincial and national heritage initiatives for more than forty years. Since retiring, she engages in history research and writing projects and in heritage and cultural initiatives on Mayne Island, Victoria, and the Fraser Canyon. Some recent articles include “Mali Quelqueltalko: The Writings of a Nineteenth-Century Nlaka’pamux Woman” in BC Studies 203 (Autumn 2019), and “An Eye for a Good Picture: The Legacy of John Aitken” in British Columbia History magazine (Autumn 2018). Jennifer sits on several boards has been honoured with a BC Museums Association Distinguished Service Award. Jennifer is grateful to the Songhees, Esquimalt, and WSÁNEĆ peoples on whose territory she resides.

Frank Leonard is an adjunct associate professor in the department of history of the University of Victoria. He has investigated elements of infrastructure development in western Canada and the United States by using different types of business records to illuminate contradictions within road, rail, and energy projects.

Roshon Singh Nandhra is a South Asian and Southern European settler on the territories of the Lekwungen and WSÁNEĆ peoples. He is currently in the social and political thought MA program at York University. Last year, he graduated from the University of Victoria with a bachelor of arts degree in political science and economics with a minor in philosophy. His research focuses on historical folds in the expansion of empire, complex in-tandem developments of colonialisms and racisms, uneven circulations of power and capital, postcolonial theories on the limits of commensurability and translation between plural life-worlds, and resistance and solidarity frameworks in settler colonial contexts.

Jacek Smolicki is an interdisciplinary artist, designer, educator, and soundwalker. His works bring historical, critical, and ethical dimensions to recording practices and technologies in diverse contexts. He is currently enrolled in an international postdoctorate funded by the Swedish Research Council. His project explores the history and prospects of soundwalking and field-recording practices from the perspective of media arts, environmental humanities, and philosophy of technology. He is also an associate scholar at the Informatics and Media Hub for Digital Existence at Uppsala University in Sweden. He has exhibited internationally and recently co-founded the Walking Festival of Sound (wfos.net), a transdisciplinary event focusing on the creative and critical potential of walking through and listening to our everyday surroundings.

Adele Perry is a settler historian of the nineteenth- and twentieth-century North American west. She was born and raised in British Columbia and has taught at the University of Manitoba since 2000, where she is the current director of the Centre for Human Rights Research. Perry is a past-president of the Canadian Historical Association and the author, among other things, of Colonial Relations: The Douglas-Connolly Family and the Nineteenth-Century Imperial World (Cambridge University Press, 2015) and Aqueduct: Colonialism, Resources, and the Histories We Remember (Winnipeg, ARP, 2016).