We acknowledge that we live and work on unceded Indigenous territories and we thank the Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh Nations for their hospitality.

Single Issue

BC Studies no. 184 Winter 2014-2015

The articles in this issue touch down variously in Creston Flats in the East Kootenay; in the Treaty 8 Territory of the Fort Nelson First Nation; in Vancouver, Victoria, and Prince George; and in the aptly named False Creek near the heart of the provincial metropolis. Compounding the variety and emphasizing the diversity of this vast province, our review essay features books set in South Langley in the Fraser Valley, Boswell on the east shore of Kootenay Lake, and Ginty Creek south of Anahim Lake in the West Chilcotin. We have the province covered from its northeastern to its southern corners, east and west; from the boreal forest to the temperate south coast; from the Peace River to the Kootenay River; and institutionally from the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality to the False Creek Residents Association. Our authors also represent a tangle of disciplines, from history, through environmental studies, Indigenous governance, law, and business to psychiatry, psychology, and public health.

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Regional patterns of substance use in the homeless in British Columbia  

By Isabelle Aube Linden, Gregory R Werker, Christian G Schutz, Marissa Y Mar, Michael Krausz, Kerry Jang

Terms | homelessness liquor and drugs substance use Prince George Vancouver Victoria

Review Essays

review essay

The Long Question of Food and Land  

By James Murton

Book Reviews

Book Review

Lives Lived West of the Divide: A Biographical Dictionary of Fur Traders Working West of the Rockies, 1793-1858 Volumes 1-3

In 1793 Alexander Mackenzie crossed the continent in search of a route to the Pacific for the North West Company trade. He reached the Pacific at Dean Channel but failed to find a viable trade...

By Nancy Marguerite Anderson

Book Review

Feminist Community Research: Case Studies and Methodologies

The aim of this collection of ten essays and an introductory and concluding chapter is to reveal tensions, challenges, pitfalls, complexities, and strategies in working within feminist community based research (FCR) approaches. The contributors come...

By Jo-Anne Lee

Book Review

Contours of a People: Metis Family, Mobility, and History

Self-conscious litanies of intellectual genealogy are common in volumes such as this. Although Nicole St-Onge, Carolyn Podruchny, and Brenda Macdougall have their own courses to chart, they are quick to acknowledge their debt to Jennifer...

By Scott P. Stephen

Book Review

Frontier Cowboys and the Great Divide: Early Ranching in BC and Alberta

I liked this book. It was well written, adequately-researched, and, in my opinion, achieved its author’s purpose. With his tight focus on frontier and early ranching personalities in British Columbia and Alberta, Mather gives the...

By Max Foran

Book Review

A Steady Lens: The True Story of Pioneer Photographer Mary Spencer

Sherril Foster’s A Steady Lens: The True Story of Pioneer Photographer Mary Spencer is a welcome contribution to and a reminder of how much work remains to be done on the history of art in...

By Carolyn MacHardy

Book Review

Vancouver Island’s Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway: The Canadian Pacific, VIA Rail and Shortline Years, 1949-2013

Brimming with stunning photos of trains in the Vancouver Island landscape, Vancouver Island’s Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway: The Canadian Pacific, VIA Rail and Shortline Years, 1949-2013 is a detailed account of both the railway’s day-to-day...

By Kelly Black

Book Review

The Canadian Rangers: A Living History

Today the Canadian Rangers are noted as a unique unit within the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), created to establish a military presence in remote coastal and northern regions by utilizing mainly Aboriginal volunteers. Lackenbauer’s extensive...

By James Wood

Book Review

Selected Letters of A.M.A. Blanchet, Bishop of Walla Walla & Nesqualy (1846-1879)

During his long tenure as the founding Bishop of Walla Walla and of its successor diocese of Nesqualy, A.M.A. Blanchet meticulously copied (or had copied) his outgoing correspondence. Upon his retirement in 1879, nearly thirty-two...

By John Barker

Book Review

Echoes Across Seymour: A History of North Vancouver’s Eastern Communities Including Dollarton and Deep Cove

Janet Pavlik, Desmond Smith, and Eileen Smith have given us another chapter in the history of the Seymour area and North Vancouver’s eastern communities by recording the changes of the last sixty years. Written as...

By Jessica Hayes

Book Review

Métis in Canada: History, Identity, Law and Politics

A decade has passed since R v Powley determined that the Métis in Sault Ste. Marie have an Aboriginal right to hunt, and we are still coming to terms with its significance. The multidisciplinary collection...

By Jennifer Hayter

Book Review

Harold Mortimer-Lamb: The Art Lover

Harold Mortimer-Lamb lived an extraordinary life — all ninety-nine years of it. Born in England in 1872, he came to British Columbia at the age of seventeen, initially to work on Captain L.N. Agassiz’s Fraser...

By Maria Tippett

Book Review

The Left in British Columbia: A History of Struggle

Here is an indispensable book — a mature, well-researched, subtly theorized, and clearly-written guide to the past and present of British Columbia’s left. Writing at a time of perplexity for leftists, predisposed to question themselves...

By Ian McKay

Book Review


     Canada counts its blessings when it comes to architecture books, which is not to say that we don’t want better books to be produced here. Surprise that we have any books on architecture...

By Bill Jeffries

Book Review

Bamfield Houses

   The West Coast of Canada is often seen as a mecca for artistic types, especially for those who draw their inspiration from nature. Anita Sinner and Christine Lowther’s edited volume collects a wide variety...

By Lauren Harding

Book Review

Chinookan Peoples of the Lower Columbia

The study of indigenous history is fundamentally interdisciplinary and benefits, as Chinookan Peoples of the Lower Columbia illustrates, from consideration of different forms of data from a range of disciplinary and cultural perspectives. The challenge...

By Andrew Martindale

Book Review

Inventing Stanley Park: An Environmental History

Vancouver’s famous park has received a lot of attention, including from notable historians like Jean Barman and Robert A. J. McDonald, prominent artists like Emily Carr, and a continuous collection of journalists and tourism writers...

By Philip Van Huizen

Book Review

Building Sanctuary: The Movement to Support Vietnam War Resisters in Canada, 1965-73

During the 1960s and 1970s, tens of thousands of draft-age Americans came north to Canada to avoid military service and protest the war in Vietnam. A few were deported, and others left voluntarily; but most...

By Daniel Ross

Book Review

Selling Sex: Experience, Advocacy, and Research on Sex Work in Canada

Selling Sex draws in many authors who have long been involved in the struggle to decriminalize sex work in Canada. The volume offers chapters written by academics, activists, and sex industry workers. Together they make...

By Kevin Walby

Book Review

Charles Edenshaw

This is the catalogue for the Vancouver Art Gallery’s Charles Edenshaw exhibition. Curated and edited by Robin K. Wright, Curator of Native American Art and Director of the Bill Holm Center for the Study of...

By Martha Black

Book Review

Finding Jim

Finding Jim is an intimate portrayal of grief. In this memoir, first-time author Susan Oakey-Baker chronicles her relationship with mountain guide Jim Haberl (1958-99), a Canadian climber made famous for his 1993 ascent of K2...

By Zac Robinson

Book Review

The Oil Man and the Sea: Navigating the Northern Gateway

This book, aptly titled The Oil Man and the Sea, is about the current threat posed by the proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline to the ecosystems and people of the Great Bear Rainforest. This region,...

By Maggie Low

Book Review

Tragedy on Jackass Mountain

                In 1889, when John G. Donkin penned Trooper and Redskin in the Far North West, the first Mountie memoir for popular audiences, he initiated a long tradition of...

By Bonnie Reilly Schmidt

Book Review

Mount Robson: Spiral Road of Art

Over the past several years Jane Lytton Gooch has published books devoted to the sketches, paintings, and photographs inspired by the landscape of British Columbia and Alberta. Celebrating the centennial of the founding of British...

By Maria Tippett

Book Review

Investing in Place: Economic Renewal in Northern British Columbia

This book addresses the question of how to bring about sustainable economic and social development in northern British Columbia. It is written from a geographic perspective with influences from policy studies and economics. The authors...

By Laura Lamb



Anne Dance is a History Postdoctoral Fellow at Memorial University of Newfoundland where she is currently researching the remediation of northern mines in Canada. She is also completing a comparative history of the Athabasca oil sands and the Sydney tar ponds.

Kate Garvie completed her master’s degree at the School of Environmental Studies at the University of Victoria in 2013. Her research on shale gas development in British Columbia was conducted in collaboration with the Fort Nelson First Nation. She is currently an organic farmer in Ontario.

Kerry Jang was elected to Vancouver City Council in 2008 and re- elected in 2011. Councillor Jang is a Professor of Psychiatry at UBC, where he teaches and conducts research on the causes of mental illness. Over the past three years he spearheaded the development of the city’s first-ever mental health addictions plan, a strategy for helping survival of sex-trade workers, and the use of modular affordable housing to help people who are homeless. Councillor Jang recently completed his term with the Mental Health Commission of Canada, where he was appointed to the Mental Health and Law Advisory Committee.

Michael Krausz is a Professor of Psychiatry, Epidemiology and Public Health at the University of British Columbia and the LEEF Chair in Addiction Research. Dr. Krausz is also a senior scientist at the Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences. Dr. Krausz’s research focuses on the comorbidity of severe mental illness and addiction, and more recently, e-Mental Health. Isabelle A. Linden completed her Master of Public Health at the University of Sheffield, and has previously published on the topic of substance use, trauma, and homelessness.

Lana Lowe had been the Director of the Fort Nelson First Nation Lands Department since 2009 and holds an undergraduate degree in Geography and a master’s degree in Indigenous Governance from the University of Victoria. Lana has worked with Indigenous organizations in North and Central America, including the Union of BC Indian Chiefs and the Nahual Foundation in Guatemala. Lana is a proud member of the Fort Nelson First Nation.

Marissa Mar received her BA in Honours Psychology at the University of British Columbia and is currently completing her Master of Health Administration. Her main interests are in health care quality improvement and program evaluation.

Sarah McCalla is a recent graduate of UBC’s Faculty of Law. She is currently clerking with the BC Supreme Court and will be articling with Bull, Housser & Tupper LLP
James Murton teaches history at Nipissing University, North Bay, Ontario. His current research is on the development of food systems in Canada prior to the Second World War focusing on the development of apples as a global commodity and the role of subsistence production and local markets in the Annapolis Valley, Okanagan, and Niagara regions. He is the author of “John Bull and Sons: The Empire Marketing Board and the Creation of an Imperial Food System,” in Franca Iacovetta et al., Edible Histories: Towards a Canadian Food History (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012).

Christian Schutz is an Associate Professor at the University of British Columbia and a practicing psychiatrist, psychotherapist, addiction physician, and medical manager at the Burnaby Centre for Mental Health and Addiction, a 100 bed tertiary inpatient centre focused on treating individuals with severe complex concurrent disorders. He is also Section Chair in Addictions Psychiatry for the Canadian Psychiatric Association. His focus is on treatment development and on understanding mechanisms of relapse and impulsive decision making in addiction and concurrent disorders.

Karena Shaw is Associate Professor and Director of the School of Environmental Studies at the University of Victoria. Although her roots are in political theory – Indigeneity and Political Theory (Routledge, 2008) – her recent research has focused on the political ecology of energy system transformation under conditions of climate change.

Greg Werker is a lecturer at the Sauder School of Business at the University of British Columbia and a scientist at the Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences. His research includes analytical models of systems within health care with a focus on populations with complex concurrent disorders.