We acknowledge that we live and work on unceded Indigenous territories and we thank the Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh Nations for their hospitality.

Single Issue

BC Studies no. 188 Winter 2015-2016

Featuring articles by Robert G. McCandless, Thomeas McIlwraith and Raymond Cormier, and Catherine Murra. This issue also includes a Research note by Cameron Ainsworth, and a Refecltion essay by Patricia E. Roy.

To read the full issue online, visit our OJS site.

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Book Reviews

Book Review

An Archaeology of Asian Transnationalism

Although descriptive work on historic artifacts of Asian origin has been sporadically produced by American archaeologists since the 1960s, and by British Columbia archaeologists since the 1970s, recent years have seen a blossoming of Asian...

By Grant Ross Keddie

Book Review

Islands’ Spirit Rising: Reclaiming the Forests of Haida Gwaii

In Islands’ Spirit Rising: Reclaiming the Forests of Haida Gwaii, Louise Takeda challenges the dominant epistemological perspective on the politics of BC resource management in order to “[further] political and social justice” and “give back”...

By James Davey

Book Review

Return to the Land of the Head Hunters: Edward S. Curtis, The Kwakwaka’wakw and the Making of Modern Cinema

These two recent books deal in whole or in part with the photographic legacy of Edward S. Curtis, who in 1914 screened In the Land of the Head Hunters to packed theatres and before thrilled...

By Andrea Walsh

Book Review

Stewards of the People’s Forests: A Short History of the British Columbia Forest Service

The forest industry was the most important economic activity in British Columbia during the twentieth century. Oddly, except for some consideration of its founding, there has not been a major examination of an institution at...

By Gordon Hak

Book Review

From the West Coast to the Western Front: British Columbians and the Great War

  When Mark Forsythe, host of CBC Radio’s mid-day show, BC Almanac, and journalist-producer Greg Dickson discovered that they were both involved in a personal quest to learn about great-uncles and grandfathers who had served...

By James Wood

Book Review

And the River Still Sings: A Wilderness Dweller’s Journey

Readers familiar with self-proclaimed wilderness dweller Chris Czajkowski’s many books on living in the West Chilcotin region of British Columbia will welcome And The River Still Sings, a memoir that introduces us to her as...

By Connie Brim

Book Review

Equality Deferred: Sex Discrimination and British Columbia’s Human Rights State, 1953-84

In Canada, Dominique Clément tells us, human rights legislation has been mainly associated with discrimination against women. In British Columbia, the women’s movement was deeply invested in human rights discourse and practice, and by the...

By Lisa Pasolli

Book Review

From Classroom to Battlefield: Victoria High School and the First World War

In his portrait of Victoria High School (VHS), Barry Gough has created a vivid microcosm of the First World War’s impact on Canadians. As one of Canada’s foremost historians, Gough brings a special authenticity to...

By James Wood

Book Review

Echoes of British Columbia: Voices from the Frontier

  For devotees of British Columbian history and, in particular, of the province’s local histories, the origins of Robert Budd’s latest collection of oral history transcripts will be familiar. Drawn from the pioneering work of...

By Jonathan Swainger

Book Review

The First Nations of British Columbia: An Anthropological Overview. Third Edition

Despite its slim size (the main body of text is only 117 pages), The First Nations of British Columbia: An Anthropological Overview is a useful primer for those hoping to learn the basic issues relevant...

By Christine Elsey

Book Review

Tracking the Great Bear: How Environmentalists Recreated British Columbia’s Great Bear Rainforest

Type “Great Bear Rainforest” into Google Earth and consider the long green slice of British Columbia’s coastline, now covered by the tricolour boxes of user-uploaded photo icons. Like so many conservation efforts, the story of...

By Max Ritts

Book Review

The Sea Among Us: The Amazing Strait of Georgia

Much of my critique of Beamish and McFarlane’s The Sea Among Us is that familiar reviewer’s refrain: they didn’t write the book that I would have. With the luxury of a dozen different writers, I...

By Howard Stewart

Book Review

Landscape Architecture in Canada

Landscape Architecture in Canada is Ron Williams’ magnum opus, the likely capstone of a distinguished career as researcher, teacher, and practitioner. It is a fine scholarly effort, more than fifteen years in the making. Until...

By Larry McCann

Book Review

Sensational Vancouver

Rumrunners, writers, aviators, architects, crooked cops, and killers are just some of the motley cast of characters populating Eve Lazarus’s Sensational Vancouver. This is her third local history book and a welcome addition to the...

By Lani Russwurm

Book Review

French Canadians, Furs, and Indigenous Women in the Making of the Pacific Northwest

Since the sixteenth century, intrepid French Canadians have traversed the North American landscape to the very edges of the continent, and established families and communities in virtually every region north of Mexico. Given this legacy...

By Heather Devine

Book Review

The Life and Art of Harry and Jessie Webb

Everyone has met artists who triumphed at art school, who showed some promise following graduation, but who then vanished from the art world. The Life and Art of Harry and Jessie Webb tells such a...

By Maria Tippett

Book Review

He Moved a Mountain: The Life of Frank Calder and the Nisga’a Land Claims Award

Like others over the course of history who have influenced fundamental human rights change, Frank Arthur Calder seems to have been born to that grand purpose. Calder’s Nisga’a elders accurately foresaw that he was destined...

By Katherine Palmer Gordon

Book Review

“Metis:” Race, Recognition, and the Struggle for Indigenous Peoplehood

In “Métis,” Chris Andersen highlights the widespread marginalization of Métis peoples by taking to task the continued racialization of the term “Métis.” Systematically unpacking the ways in which the word “Métis” has been misrecognized and...

By Gabrielle Legault

Book Review

Ancient Pathways, Ancestral Knowledge: Ethnobotany and Ecological Wisdom of Indigenous Peoples of Northwestern North America

Nancy Turner’s new work Ancient Pathways, Ancestral Knowledge is undoubtedly her magnum opus. It is a thing of great scope, beauty, eloquence, and cohesion. Yet perhaps its greatest attribute, like all of Turner’s work, is...

By Natasha Lyons

Book Review

Emily Carr in England

  It is Emily Carr season once again. This time the focus is different. In the past we have had detailed biographies, beginning with my own, Emily Carr: A Biography in 1979 and, more recently,...

By Maria Tippett

Book Review

Ladysmith: Our Community, Your Credit Union — A History

Patrick Dunae’s microhistory, Ladysmith: Our Community, Your Credit Union — A History, is attractive and approachable, and a success at what intends to be: a proudly colourful and informative history of the Ladysmith Credit Union....

By Patrick Craib

Book Review

A Missing Genocide and the Demonization of its Heroes

Tom Swanky’s self-published book A Missing Genocide and the Demonization of its Heroes brings into sharp focus the problems faced by historians steeped in a discipline that does not fully appreciate the culturally constructed limitations...

By Chris Arnett

Book Review

Vancouver Confidential

John Belshaw undertook the task of publishing a series of fifteen essays on Vancouver written by artists, journalists, and writers. There is no specific thesis in this collection, and no attempt to convey a specific...

By Marcel Martel

Book Review

Strange Visitors: Documents in Indigenous-Settler Relations in Canada from 1876

This is a timely, thoughtful, and useful collection of primary documents on the history of the interactions among Indigenous people, non-Indigenous people, and the Canadian state. Given what is currently available, it will be invaluable...

By Hamar Foster

Book Review

The Afterthought: West Coast Rock Posters and Recollections

Jerry Kruz’s beautifully illustrated autobiographical work provides an intriguing first hand glimpse of Vancouver psychedelic music scene. The book revolves around Kruz’s years as a concert promoter from 1966 to 1969. Although it briefly describes...

By Henry Trim

Book Review

Closing Time: Prohibition, Rum-Runners, and Border Wars

The prohibition era has attracted much interest for generations. The American story — undoubtedly because of the violence, criminal involvement, and Hollywood exposure — has always overshadowed the somewhat milder, more complicated, and less linear...

By Wayne Norton

Book Review

A Small Price to Pay: Consumer Culture on the Canadian Home Front, 1939-1945

In September 1945, the Second World War had barely come to an end when over 9000 miners in British Columbia and Alberta walked off the job. This was not a strike for higher wages or...

By Stacey J. Barker

Book Review

Written as I Remember It: Teachings (ʔəms taʔaw) from the Life of a Sliammon Elder

Sliammon elder Elsie Paul’s grandmother told her in the 1930s that knowing how to harvest food, cook, and raise children was all that a good woman really needed. It was a view said to be...

By Dorothy Kennedy

Book Review

We Go Far Back In Time: The Letters of Earle Birney and Al Purdy, 1947-1987

Nicholas Bradley is to be commended for this edited collection of Earle Birney and Al Purdy’s correspondence. As might be expected from two epic figures of Canadian literature who lived and worked in British Columbia,...

By James Gifford



Cameron Ainsworth is an assistant professor at the University of South Florida. His work explores the interactions between human beings and marine ecosystems. His current research interests focus on estimating impacts from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico and developing ecosystem-based fisheries management strategies and tools.

Raymond Cormier is of aboriginal descent from the Splatsin band of the Secwepemc Nation located in the British Columbia southern interior. He has held a position in the Splatsin Title and Rights Department since 2008 and has been its director since 2010. His background is in natural resource management and Secwepemc history and culture.

Robert G. McCandless began his professional career in oil and gas exploration before changing to mineral exploration in 1966. For two years while living in the Yukon, he worked as a contract researcher, which led to his publishing Yukon Wildlife: A Social History (University of Alberta Press, 1985). Prior to his retirement in 2009, he worked for 28 years with Environment Canada, mainly on environmental issues in the mining sector, but he also advised for several years on Aboriginal affairs including treaty negotiations. In 2013, he wrote an essay for BC Studies (no. 178, summer 2013) on BC offshore petroleum exploration leading to the imposition in 1972 of the current “moratorium.” A resident of Delta, he continues research and writing on history topics.

Thomas McIlwraith is an assistant professor at the University of Guelph. His interests include British Columbia ethnography and In- digenous land use. He has worked as a consulting anthropologist since 1997 and has held post-secondary teaching and research positions since 2003.

Catherine Murray is a professor in the School of Communication, and Associate Faculty, Gender, Sexuality, and Women’s Studies at Simon Fraser University. Dr. Murray studies cultural diversity, urban cultural governance, and the politics of culture.

Patricia E. Roy, a professor emeritus of History at the University of Victoria, has contributed a number of articles to BC Studies over the years. She has written extensively on the Chinese and Japanese in British Columbia, but her most recent book is Boundless Optimism: Richard McBride’s British Columbia(UBC Press, 2012).