We acknowledge that we live and work on unceded Indigenous territories and we thank the Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh Nations for their hospitality.

Single Issue

BC Studies no. 138-139 Summer-Autumn 2003

This double issue honours one of North America’s leading historical geographers, Cole Harris, and his award-winning book Making Native Space: Colonialism, Resistance, and Reserves in British Columbia. It explores the ways that colonial discourse and the Western World have impacted First Nations and their processes of making space in BC.

To read the full issue online, visit our OJS site.

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Book Reviews

Book Review

Regulating Lives: Historical Essays on the State, Society, the Individual, and the Law

REGULATING LIVES adds to a rapidly growing body of work in Canadian legal history and in the history of moral regulation. The collection should be of great interest to historians of the family, gender, race...

By Catherine Carstairs

Book Review

Invisible Genealogies: A History of Americanist Anthropology

IT IS FREQUENTLY asserted that contemporary anthropology is distinctive in that it represents a radical, self-conscious departure from its earlier traditions. While accepting that this orientation has been of value particularly in exposing the baggage...

By Michael Asch

Book Review

British Columbia, The Pacific Province: Geographical Essays

UNTIL RECENTLY, geographers looking for a reasonably comprehensive, but decidedly current, introductory text or compilation of essays having a regional and/or thematic focus on the geography of British Columbia had little with which to work....

By Kenneth Brealey

Book Review

The Last Island: A Naturalist’s Sojourn on Triangle Island

ONE OF THE SALIENT features of British Columbia’s geography is its myriad coastal islands. Among the wildest and most remote of these, the ecological reserve Triangle Island lies in the open Pacific Ocean thirty miles...

By Philip Teece

Book Review

Chasing the Comet: A Scottish Canadian Life

ALTHOUGH HIS NAME does not appear in the tide, this book follows the eventful career of David Cadlow, who was born in Dundrennan, Ayrshire, but spent most of his life contributing to the development of...

By Michael Vance

Book Review

Stan Douglas: Every Building on 100 West Hastings

EVERY BUILDING on 100 West Hastings is a panorama by Vancouver’s acclaimed film and video artist Stan Douglas. Without exaggeration, it is a marvellous and monumental photograph of the façade of buildings across the street...

By Jill Wade

Book Review

From the Baltic to Russian America, 1829-1836

ALIX O’GRADY’S From the Baltic to Russian America, 1829-1836 should be of interest to BC historians concerned with the broader aspects of the Pacific Slopes fur trade in general and of Russian colonial history in particular. O’Grady,...

By Bruce Watson

Book Review

Pioneer Photographers of the Far West: A Biographical

PIONEER PHOTOGRAPHERS of the Far West is the finest reference work I have ever read, with the emphasis on read. The clear, precise, mainly biographical entries – some 1,100 of them arranged in alphabetical order -are...

By Brian Dippie

Book Review

Launching History: The Saga of Burrard Dry Dock

IN 1894, ON THE SHORES of False Creek, Alfred “Andy” Wallace began what would become the largest shipbuilding conglomerate on the West Coast of Canada. Specializing in wooden fishing boats, Wallace soon diversified into wooden...

By Andrew Hildred

Book Review

Facing History: Portraits from Vancouver

FACING HISTORY: Portraits from Vancouver grew out of an exhibition at North Vancouver’s Presentation House Gallery, curated by the book’s editor, Karen Love. In her introductory essay, Love explains that Facing History “cannot be a portrait...

By Neil Sutherland

Book Review

Beaten Down: A History of Interpersonal Violence in the West

DAVID PETERSON DEL MAR’S work on violence against wives is well known to social and legal historians, and in this important, innovative, and provocative new book, he has broadened his approach to examine interpersonal violence...

By Jim Phillips

Book Review

Tales of Ghosts: First Nations Art in British Columbia, 1922-61

THE HISTORIOGRAPHIC trends in the scholarly literature pertaining to First Nations material and visual culture have leaned primarily towards stylistic analysis, connoisseurship, and tracing the rise, decline, and “renaissance” of this production. Ronald Hawker’s book,...

By Megan Smetzer

Book Review

A World Apart: The Crowsnest Communities of Alberta and British Columbia

A WORLD APART, edited by Wayne Norton and Tom Langford, is a solid collection of essays and memoirs about the experience of living and working in the Crowsnest Pass communities of Alberta and British Columbia in the twentieth...

By Duff Sutherland

Book Review

Too Small to See, Too Big to Ignore: Child Health and Well-being

AS THE MOST RECENT Statistics Canada reports tell us, poverty continues to stalk British Columbia’s youngest citizens. Their distress, with outcomes measured pitilessly in shortfalls in nutrition, education, and health, is directly associated with the...

By Veronica Strong-Boag

Book Review

Women and the White Man’s God: Gender and Race in the Canadian Mission Field

THOUGH THE ENCOUNTER between missionaries and Aboriginals continues to fascinate, the tables have dramatically turned. Where once missionaries saw it as part of their task to explain Aboriginal culture to a White society, in today’s...

By Margaret Die

Book Review

The Intemperate Rainforest: Nature, Culture and Power on

WHAT IS IT THAT MAKES dancers yearn to sing or painters to write? Why are academics fundamentally unhappy within their disciplines? Inside each academician there seems to be an alter ego struggling to get out....

By H.V. Nelles

Book Review

The Heavens are Changing: Nineteenth-Century Protestant Missions and Tsimshian Christianity

WRITING IN Moon of Wintertime: Missionaries and the Indians of Canada in Encounter since 1534 (University of Toronto Press, 1984, 250) of seventeenth-century Jesuit missions to the Huron, John Webster Grant quoted a Huron man...

By J.R. Miller

Book Review

Masterworks of the Classical Haida Mythtellers

THE IDEA OF a story being as sharp as a knife, which is the title of Robert Bringhurst’s astonishing introduction to the works of classical Haida poets, is a useful proposition to consider in order...

By Terry Glavin

Book Review

Globalization and Urban Change: Capital, Culture, and Pacific Rim Mega-Projects

PDF – Hutton Review Essay, BC Studies 138/139, Summer/Autumn 2003  

By Tom Hutton

Book Review

Gateways: Exploring the Legacy of the Jesup North Pacific Expedition 1897-1902

PDF – Wickwire Review Essay, BC Studies 138/139, Summer/Autumn 2003

By William W. Fitzhugh



Revisiting the Native Land Question  

By Cole Harris, Jo-Anne Fiske, Gordon Gibson

Terms | aboriginal rights land policies aboriginal people



Dan Clayton teachers geography at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland and is on the Editorial Board of BC Studies. He is the author of Islands of Truth: The Imperial Fashioning of Vancouver Island (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2000), and is currently working on a book entitled Colonialism’s Geographies (Routledge).

Jo-Anne Fiske earned her PhD in Anthropology at the University of British Columbia. She is currently Professor of Women’s Studies and First Nations Studies at University of Northern British Columbia. For more than twenty years she has conducted research with First Nations in British Columbia addressing a range of questions regarding aboriginal rights, governance, gender relations, customary law and justice, and social policy. Her work appears in a number of academic journals including Atlantis, BC Studies, Culture, Ethnohistory, Feminist Studies, and the Journal of Legal Pluralism and Folk Law and in numerous anthologies. She is author of Cis Dideen Kat: When the Plumes Rise, The Way of the Lake Babine Nation.
Hamar Foster teaches law and legal history at the University of Victoria. His research and writing has focussed on the legal history of the Canadian North and West, Aboriginal rights and title, and comparative United States/Canadian criminal law.

Gordon Gibson is Senior Fellow in Canadian Studies at the Fraser Institute, Vancouver. He writes on federalism, governance and aboriginal issues. His latest publication (as Editor and contributor) is “Fixing Canadian Democracy”, Fraser Institute, 2003.

Alan Grove is a legal historian employed by the law firm of Woodward and Company. His research and writing has focussed on the legal history of the Pacific Northwest, the Yukon, and Aboriginal Rights and Title.

Cole Harris is an emeritus professor of geography at the University of British Columbia and the author of many books and articles on early Canada, among them The Resettlement of British Columbia: essays on Colonialism and Geographical Change (1997) and Making Native Space: Colonialism Resistance and Reserves in British Columbia (2002), both published by UBC Press.

Tom Hutton is an associate professor in the School of Community and Regional planning at the University of British Columbia. His research and teaching interests emphasize policy implications associated with fundamental or “structural; change at the urban and regional level, both in advanced and developing societies. Dr. Hutton’s current research activity includes the role of services in urban change within the Asia-Pacific region, and the socioeconomic, spacial, and environmental implications of the “New Economy” of the metropolitan inner city.

Soren Larsen is an associate professor in the Department of Geology and Geography at Georgia Southern University. The research presented in this essay was made possible by a nine-month appointment as a J. William Fulbright scholar as well as additional support from the International Council for Canadian Studies and the American Philosophical Society’s Phillips Fund Grant for Native American Research. Other findings from this research project were recently published in Human Organization, volume 62 (2003) as an article entitled “Promoting Aboriginal Territoriality Through Interethnic Alliances.”

Susan Marsden is a curator of the Museum of Northern British Columbia. She has presented several papers on Northwest Coast oral history and archaeology. Her published articles include “Adawx, Spanaxnox, and the Geopolitics of the Tsimshian” (2003), “The Tsimshian, the Hudson’s Bay Company, and the Geopolitics of the Northwest Coast Fur Trade” (with Robert Galois) (1995), and “Defending the Mouth of the Skeena, Perspectives on Tsimshian Tlingit Relations” (2000). She is co-author of the book Tribal Boundaries in the Nass Watershed (1998).
Andrew Martindale is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at McMaster University. His current research investigates the nature and consequences of the contact relationship between Tsimshian and European people during the 18th-20th centuries. The research includes a comparison of data from documentary sources, archaeological sites, and indigenous oral traditions some of which will be published in upcoming volumes from UBC Press and International Monographs in Prehistory.

Steve Roe teaches English at Northern Lights College and is a co-editor of Designs for Disciplines: An Introduction to Academic Writing (Canadian Scholars’ Press, 2003). Among the contributing authors, Raffaella Loro currently resides in northern British Columbia and is completing a double major in English and History. She intends to pursue a career in education and writing. Julie Hindbo is a surface land representative in northeastern British Columbia and northwestern Alberta. Julie works with First Nations and local communities to identify and mitigate land-use concerns associated with oil and gas development.
Wendy Wickwire teaches in the Department of History and School of Environmental Studies at the University of Victoria. Recent publications include “Beyond Boas? Re-assessing the Contribution of ‘Informant’ and ‘Research assistant,’ James A. Teit,” in Laurel Kendall and Igor Krupnik, eds., Reconstructing Cultures Then and Now: The Jesup North Pacific Expedition, (Smithsonian Institute, 2003) and “Prophecy at Lytton,” in Brian Swann (ed.), Voices from Four Directions: Contemporary Translations of the Native Literatures of North America (University of Nebraska Press, forthcoming).